PSM Veterinary Research <p style="text-align: justify;">PSM Veterinary&nbsp;Research (ISSN: 2518-2714) is a peer-reviewed, open access, multidisciplinary,&nbsp; international journal that publishes research on all aspects of veterinary&nbsp;and animal sciences.</p> en-US (PSM Veterinary Research) (MANI MUGHAL) Sat, 30 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Prevalence and Risk Factors of Genital Diseases of Goats and Ewes in the far North Region of Cameroon <p>This study was carried out at the municipal slaughterhouse of Maroua (Far-North Cameroon), in order to determine the prevalence and risk factors of the pathologies of the genitals organs of local goats and ewes. A total of 631 genital tracts were examined, including 448 and 183 for goats and ewes, respectively. Before slaughter, the animals were characterized (breed, age, weight and Body Condition Score (BCS)). After slaughter, the entire genital tract of each female was carefully examined for morphological or pathological abnormalities. The ovaries of each animal were also sampled to determine the follicular population and ovarian pathologies. The results indicated that means age (years), weight (kg) and BCS of females were 2.59 ± 1.49, 23.00 ± 2.19 and 2.74 ± 0.63, respectively. The mean follicular population was 9.96 ± 9.63 per ovary with 10.38 ± 5.48 and 9.03 ± 5.02, respectively, for the goat and ewe (p = 0.00). A pregnancy rate of 45.3% was observed. The overall prevalence of genital abnormalities was 36.3% with 38.20% and 31.70% respectively in goats and ewes (p = 0.10). The most common pathologies of the ovary were ovarian cysts (9.19%), oophoritis (4.28%), ovarian hypoplasias (3.96%); those in the uterus included metritis (6.81%),&nbsp;<em>Cysticercus tenuicollis</em>&nbsp;(3.65%) and the affections of the vagina and vulva were more represented by&nbsp;<em>Cysticercus tenuicollis</em>&nbsp;(3.32%). Non-pregnant and thin (BCS = 1-2) females at least 2 years old and raised in the dry season were the most affected (P &lt;0.05).</p> Justin Kouamo, S.F. Firiyamou Obama, A. Mebanga Sassa Copyright (c) 2019 PSM Sat, 30 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000 An Investigation on the Existence and Health Hazards of Fascioliasis among Buffaloes in Sohag Governorate, Southern Egypt <p>Fascioliasis is a zoonotic disease caused by <em>Fasciola hepatica</em> and <em>Fasciola gigantica</em>, the common parasites of grazing animals in different regions of the globe including Egypt. This study was conducted on buffaloes for investigating the prevalence and health hazards of fascioliasis in Sohag, Egypt. An overall prevalence rate 36/151 (23.84%) was observed among all tested buffaloes. Among the aforementioned animals, fascioliasis was confirmed in living animals via detecting the operculated golden brown egg in the fecal samples in 33/117 (28.21%), whilst adult fluke was detected in liver samples from slaughtered buffaloes of another group 3/34 (8.82%). No difference was observed in the prevalence in housed buffaloes (24.47%) or in farmed ones (22.81%), (<em>P</em>=0.82, Odds ratio=0.5-2.38). Evaluation of health hazards in infected animals (n=33) was employed against a number of non-infected control animals (n=20). Hematological variables in infected buffaloes revealed significant decrease in RBCs count, hemoglobin content, PCV, an increase in WBCs count, neutrophils and eosinophils percents, and decrease in lymphocytes percent, indicating anemia and immunopathology. In addition, hepatic dysfunction was reported as evidenced by a significant decrease in serum albumin and a significant increase in ALT, AST, globulin, and serum total protein in diseased animals in comparison to control ones. Also, there were a significant increase in catalase and malonaldehyde and decrease in superoxide dismutase in diseased animals suggesting altering the redox potential. Postmortem examination revealed the presence of adult worm, necrosis, cirrhosis, mononuclear cell infiltration in hepatocytes and portal canal. These results emphasize the endemicity of fascioliasis among buffaloes in Egypt and the expected significant hazards on animal health and economic aspects.</p> Ragab Makhlouf Mahmoud Fereig, Adel Mohamed, Alsagher Ali, Azza Mosleh, Marwa Ali, Doaa Hassan Copyright (c) 2019 PSM Sun, 01 Dec 2019 19:17:09 +0000 Determination of Age and Weight of Djallonke Fetus (Capra hircus) by Biometry <p>In order to determine the age of Djallonke goat fetuses through biometric measurements, a study was carried out on 201 fetuses from 114 gravid goats slaughtered at the Bantaï slaughterhouse in Ngaoundere (Adamawa Region). The gravid goats were characterized according to their breed, weight, age, litter size and body condition score (BCS). A total of 21 measurements were taken for each fetus. The prevalence for simple, twin, triple and quadruple litter sizes was 40.4%, 44.7%, 13.1%, and 1.8% respectively. The sex ratio of the fetuses was 0.86 and their ages varied from 58.78 ± 4.23 to 114.73 ± 3.60 days. Correlations between crown-rump length (CRL), weight and fetal biometric measurements through polynomial, logarithmic and power equations using the best correlation coefficient were established. Globally, head, body, limbs, CRL measurements and fetal weight were strongly correlated; more specifically, head length (R<sup>2</sup><sub>CRL</sub>= 0.959; R<sup>2</sup><sub>Poids</sub>= 0.9384), face width (R<sup>2</sup><sub>CRL= </sub>0.9542), biparietal diameter (R<sup>2</sup><sub>Poids</sub>= 0.9276), fore head-tail base side length (R<sup>2</sup><sub>CRL</sub>= 0.9875), nose-rump length (R<sup>2</sup><sub>CRL</sub>= 0.9964; R<sup>2</sup><sub>Poids</sub>= 0.9666) and the tarsometatarsal length (R<sup>2</sup><sub>CRL</sub>= 0.9818; R<sup>2</sup><sub>Poids</sub>= 0.9564). There was a weak correlation between CRL, weight with regards to umbilical cord length (R<sup>2</sup><sub>CRL</sub>= 0.5436; R<sup>2</sup><sub>Poids</sub>= 0.5374), number of placentomes (R<sup>2</sup><sub>CRL</sub>= 0.0652; R<sup>2</sup><sub>Poids</sub>= 0.0577), and placentome sizes (R<sup>2</sup><sub>CRL</sub>= 0.3933; R<sup>2</sup><sub>Poids</sub>= 0.3839). Therefore, the utilization of parameters positively correlated to the CRL and the weight could contribute to the use of ultrasonography in small ruminants especially in Djallonke.</p> Justin Kouamo, N.L. Mvodo Kombo, A. P. Zoli Copyright (c) 2019 PSM Sat, 30 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Identification of Tracheal Cartilage Canals in Camel <p>Cartilage canals are vascular canals that commonly described in bone during embryonic development. They serve an important function in the ossification of the cartilage templates. Cartilage canals in permanent cartilage were uncommon. The current study identified the cartilage canal in the camel trachea. Tracheal samples were collected and processed for light microscopic examination. Cartilage canals were recognized in the camel trachea. Tracheal cartilage canals were confined to the peripheral region of the tracheal cartilage.&nbsp; Cartilage canals consisted of blood vessels and perivascular cells, some of which secrete cartilage matrix and transformed into chondrocytes. Thus, cartilage canals aim to provide the cartilage with chondrogenic potential cells to participate in the interstitial growth of the tracheal cartilage of camel. In conclusion, tracheal cartilage canals contain mesenchymal cells that participate in the interstitial growth of the tracheal cartilage. Future studies should investigate the role of the cartilage canals growth of the cartilage.</p> Mohammad Fath El-Bab, Hanan H. Abdelhafeez, Soha A. Soliman, Basma Mohamed Kamal Copyright (c) 2019 PSM Sun, 01 Dec 2019 21:48:23 +0000 Fascioliasis in Buffaloes: An Economic and Public Health Concern <p>No abstract is available.</p> Muhammad Naeem Iqbal, Asfa Ashraf, Iqra Iqbal Copyright (c) 2019 PSM Sat, 30 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Letter from the Executive Editors <p>No abstract is available.</p> Asfa Ashraf, Iqra Iqbal Copyright (c) 2019 PSM Sat, 30 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Letter From the Editor-In-Chief <p>No abstract is available.</p> Muhammad Naeem Iqbal Copyright (c) 2019 PSM Sat, 30 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000