The PSM 2021-07-22T07:47:03+00:00 The PSM Open Journal Systems <p>The PSM is peer-reviewed, open access, multidisciplinary, international journal that welcomes submissions from all fields of science and from any source.</p> The Association of Demographic Features and Urinary Tract Infection 2021-07-22T07:41:27+00:00 Asfa Ashraf Muhammad Naeem Iqbal <p>Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections. It is a serious health problem affecting millions of people each year. The role of demographic variables in UTI spread is poorly understood. Understanding the effect of the different factors on community-acquired urinary tract infections can aid the proper management of this disease. In this issue, Majeed et al. demonstrates the incidence of UTI in relation to various demographic features and found that lack of awareness about UTI among general population has a major role in its higher prevalence. Therefore, knowledge of the UTI incidence, demographic variables, pathogens involved and their antibiotic susceptibility is important for better treatment of urinary tract infection.</p> 2021-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 PSM Urinary Tract Infection: Demography, Incidence and Emerging Antibiotic Resistance 2021-07-22T07:47:03+00:00 Muhammad Naeem Iqbal <p>No abstract is available.</p> 2021-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 PSM Urinary Tract Infection among Patients visiting Sheikh Zaid Hospital, Lahore 2021-07-22T07:27:50+00:00 Ayesha Majeed Mehwish Saleem Iqra Iqbal <p>Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a collective term that describes any infection involving any part of the urinary tract, namely the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. UTI remains one of the most commonly treated infections in primary care. This study aimed to describe the demography and incidence of UTI in patients visiting Sheikh Zaid Hospital, Lahore. This cross-sectional descriptive study included 50 patients who were randomly selected. Each woman was interviewed using a Questionnaire containing personal information such as age, occupation, socioeconomic status, months of pregnancy, and educational level. Data were calculated and presented as numbers and percentages. The results showed higher incidence of UTI among female participants than males. It was found that 86% of participants belonged to 51-75-year age group followed by 60% who belonged to 1-25-year age group,&nbsp; 58% in 26-50-year age group, and 40% were in the age group of 76-100 years. 78% of the study participants were illiterate. The marital status of the patients showed 73% were married. 66% of cases were unemployed whereas 75% were employed. The majority of the women 80% were housewives and 66% were students. 80% of the cases belonged to lower socioeconomic class based on their family income. Among female patients, the infection rate was higher in pregnant (75%) than non-pregnant (44%). The higher rate of infection was recorded in catheterized (72%) and diabetic patients (73%). These findings stress the importance of awareness about UTI among general population along with proper diagnosis and treatment.</p> 2021-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 PSM