https://www.journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/ijmm/issue/feed International Journal of Molecular Microbiology 2019-11-22T02:06:41+00:00 International Journal of Molecular Microbiology ijmm@psmpublishers.org Open Journal Systems <p>International Journal of Molecular Microbiology (IJMM; ISSN: 2617-7633) is a peer-reviewed, open access, international scientific journal that publishes research on all aspects of molecular microbiology.</p> https://www.journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/ijmm/article/view/335 Seroprevalence of Hepatitis C Virus Infection among Blood Donors and Clinical Visitors in Amran Governorate, Yemen 2019-11-22T01:15:12+00:00 Ali Al-Hatheq alialhatheq99@gmail.com Adam Dawoud Abakar adamd@uofg.edu.sd Bashir Al-Ofairi bofairy@yahoo.com <p>The aim of this study was to estimate the seroprevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among blood donors and clinical visitors in Amran Governorate, Yemen. The cross-sectional study was conducted in Amran general hospital, comprising eight hundred (800) members; among them, 500 were blood donors and 300 clinical visitors. A full demographic and clinical data were taken from each participant and the data were recorded in a predesigned questionnaire. The immune-chromatographic technique (ICT) and Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used for the detection of antibodies to HCV in human serum. The results showed the prevalence of HCV was 2% among blood donors and 2.7% among clinical visitors detected by ICT. The detection by ELISA showed 2.4% prevalence among blood donors and 3.3% among clinical visitors. The validity of ICT was high as it showed high specificity (100%) and sensitivity (81.8%). The overall prevalence of anti-HCV among blood donors and clinical visitors was 2.8% each. Our results showed 59.1% cases were positive from Amran city, while 40.9% of cases were positive from the rural area. No significant differences (P &gt;0.05) were found between gender, residency, marital status, age groups, occupational and educational status. Finally, our findings showed the most important risk factor of HCV infection was visitors to dentists, followed by family history, surgery, perinatal injuries, blood transfusion, and cupping. The seroprevalence of HCV infection in Amran Governorate indicates the need for comprehensive and effective strategies to interrupt HCV transmission in the local population.</p> 2019-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 PSM https://www.journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/ijmm/article/view/337 Hepatitis C Virus Infection: Evaluation of ICT and ELISA for the Screening of anti-HCV 2019-11-22T02:06:41+00:00 Muhammad Naeem Iqbal driqbalnaeem@hotmail.com <p>No abstract is available.</p> 2019-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 PSM https://www.journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/ijmm/article/view/336 Molecular Insights of Dengue Virus and its Effects on Different Ecological Regions of Pakistan 2019-11-22T01:59:21+00:00 Madiha Zaynab madiha.zaynab14@gmail.com <p>Dengue virus (DENV) is a mosquito-transmitted RNA virus affecting human populations, causing significant economic and social impact. Computational approaches have elucidated on dengue’s population dynamics with the aim to provide not only a better understanding of the evolution and epidemiology of the virus but also robust intervention strategies. Over the past decade, dengue infection has expanded over the vast geographical range. This may be caused by more frequent international travel, climate change, virus evolution, unplanned urbanization, globalization, population mobility and failure of Aedes mosquitoes control. Here, we review recent advances in our understanding of the biology of DENV and describe its effects in the ecological region of Pakistan.</p> 2019-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 PSM