PSM Microbiology http://www.journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/microbiol <p style="text-align: justify;">PSM Microbiology (ISSN: 2518-3834) is a peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary, open access,&nbsp; international journal that considers articles on all aspects of microbiology and allied sciences.</p> en-US microbiol@psmpublishers.org (PSM Microbiology) info@psmpublishers.org (MANI MUGHAL) Tue, 18 Sep 2018 06:09:03 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Mortuary: The Inevitable Evil: Mortuary Staff is a Victim of the Sudden Death Caused by the Invisible Mycoburden of Human Cadavers http://www.journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/microbiol/article/view/219 <p style="text-align: justify;">Working in a mortuary is an extremely stressful and lethal experience, as repeated exposure to different fungal spores, makes the staff as victims of sudden death. The presence of invisible mycoburden on human cadavers and rule out their effect on mortuary staff health was the aim of this research. A total of 20 cadavers along with 79 samples from different surfaces were collected in the city of Sana’a, Yemen, from governmental and private owned hospitals. After submitting to conventional mycological procedures, <em>Aspergillus </em>spp., <em>Penicillium </em>spp. and <em>Candida </em>spp. were the main fungal isolates in both bloated and putrefied stage, while each of <em>Eurotium </em>spp. and <em>Mucor </em>spp. predominated the skeletonized stage. Massive fungal load was detected on different mortuary surfaces, except for draining boards and necropsy tables. Among the identified species in both of cadavers and surfaces; <em>Cladosporium cladosporioides, Histoplasma </em>sp. and <em>P. marneffei</em> are classified in risk group 3, <em>A. flavus, A. fumigatus </em>and<em> Candida albicans</em> in risk group 2, which pose an allergic potential risk, while others are listed in the risk group 1, even if they may not found significant, it obviously represent serious risk for personnel working there especially those with open scare causing uncommon human disease. Safe working conditions for handling cadavers are recommended along with proper education, use of protective clothing and practice of hygiene measures.</p> Hala J Al-Jobory, Shaima’a A Al-Amoodi, Salwa A Al-Shamerie, Kholod K Al-Samawi ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ http://www.journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/microbiol/article/view/219 Tue, 18 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Isolation, Characterization, Distribution and Antifungal Sensitivity of Candida albicans from Oral Cancer Patients http://www.journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/microbiol/article/view/220 <p style="text-align: justify;">The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of oral candidiasis in cancer patients and their antifungal susceptibility. A total of 50 cancer patients were included in this study, oral examination was done and oral swabs were taken from all the participants for yeast culture, identification and susceptibility testing to Fluconazole and two volatile oils by agar test. Oral candidiasis was prevalent in 23 (46%) of all cancer patients. The highest rate of total candidiasis was seen in male 12 (52.2%) than female 11 (47.8%). The highest prevalence of <em>Candida albicans</em> was in the age group 41-60 years which was 13 (56.52%) while the lowest was in children 2(8.96%). The overall sensitivity of<em> C. albicans</em> to Fluconazole and Clove oil was 100% and 99% respectively, and no effect of coriander oil was found. The study revealed that the oral candidiasis was prevalent in patients who use chronic antibiotics, chewing qat, and tobacco smoking.</p> Ebtesam Hassan Lutf Alhamzi, Maher Ali Al.Maqtari ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ http://www.journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/microbiol/article/view/220 Tue, 18 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Influence of plant oils and metals on exopolysaccharide production by Fomitopsis feei http://www.journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/microbiol/article/view/191 <p style="text-align: justify;">Effect of ten types of plant oils and 11 types of minerals in the form of chlorides were tested on the production of exopolysaccharides from <em>Fomitopsis feei</em> in common production broth medium. Groundnut oil among the plant oils and sodium chloride among the minerals showed a positive effect on the production of exopolysaccharides from <em>Fomitopsis feei</em>. Thus, it creates a scientific basis to explore the exopolysaccharide effectively from <em>F. feei, </em>hence this medicinal mushroom will be effectively exploited in the future.</p> S.V.S.S.S.L.N. Hima Bindu, M. A. Singara Charya ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ http://www.journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/microbiol/article/view/191 Tue, 18 Sep 2018 14:18:07 +0000 Evaluating the Synergistic Efficacy of Homemade Penta-Herbal Hand Sanitizer against Bioburden http://www.journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/microbiol/article/view/200 <p style="text-align: justify;">Increased resistance against antimicrobial products threatens our lives and demands the use of natural compounds for assessing good hand hygiene. Herbs can be considered as the best choice for hand disinfection. In herbal sciences, synergy is a new approach concerning the phytomedicinal research. The current study was carried out to evaluate the potential of synergistic herbs against the pathogenic organisms. For this purpose, the sanitizer was prepared by using the combination of Penta-herbs along with apple cider vinegar and essential oils. Antimicrobial activity was determined by agar disk diffusion method and agar well diffusion method; good sensitivity was observed against tested microbes owing to sanitize action. Afterwards, sampling was done following hand disinfection according to the European Standard (EN 1500) and the impression of 62 personals were taken on nutrient agar before and after the application of sanitizer. The results demonstrated that after the application of homemade herbal sanitizer, the bacterial load on hands gets reduced by 37% to 83%. Synergistic use of herbs might be considered as a preferable choice as organisms are adapting more and more resistivity against alcohol-based rubs.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Aiman Pirzada, Zukhraf Marium, S. Ghufrana Nadeem ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ http://www.journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/microbiol/article/view/200 Tue, 18 Sep 2018 17:41:00 +0000