PSM Microbiology <p style="text-align: justify;">PSM Microbiology (ISSN: 2518-3834) is a peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary, open access,&nbsp; international journal that considers articles on all aspects of microbiology and allied sciences.</p> PSM en-US PSM Microbiology 2518-3834 Mortuary: The Inevitable Evil: Mortuary Staff is a Victim of the Sudden Death Caused by the Invisible Mycoburden of Human Cadavers <p style="text-align: justify;">Working in a mortuary is an extremely stressful and lethal experience, as repeated exposure to different fungal spores, makes the staff as victims of sudden death. The presence of invisible mycoburden on human cadavers and rule out their effect on mortuary staff health was the aim of this research. A total of 20 cadavers along with 79 samples from different surfaces were collected in the city of Sana’a, Yemen, from governmental and private owned hospitals. After submitting to conventional mycological procedures, <em>Aspergillus </em>spp., <em>Penicillium </em>spp. and <em>Candida </em>spp. were the main fungal isolates in both bloated and putrefied stage, while each of <em>Eurotium </em>spp. and <em>Mucor </em>spp. predominated the skeletonized stage. Massive fungal load was detected on different mortuary surfaces, except for draining boards and necropsy tables. Among the identified species in both of cadavers and surfaces; <em>Cladosporium cladosporioides, Histoplasma </em>sp. and <em>P. marneffei</em> are classified in risk group 3, <em>A. flavus, A. fumigatus </em>and<em> Candida albicans</em> in risk group 2, which pose an allergic potential risk, while others are listed in the risk group 1, even if they may not found significant, it obviously represent serious risk for personnel working there especially those with open scare causing uncommon human disease. Safe working conditions for handling cadavers are recommended along with proper education, use of protective clothing and practice of hygiene measures.</p> Hala J Al-Jobory Shaima’a A Al-Amoodi Salwa A Al-Shamerie Kholod K Al-Samawi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-18 2018-09-18 3 3 70 81 Isolation, Characterization, Distribution and Antifungal Sensitivity of Candida albicans from Oral Cancer Patients <p style="text-align: justify;">The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of oral candidiasis in cancer patients and their antifungal susceptibility. A total of 50 cancer patients were included in this study, oral examination was done and oral swabs were taken from all the participants for yeast culture, identification and susceptibility testing to Fluconazole and two volatile oils by agar test. Oral candidiasis was prevalent in 23 (46%) of all cancer patients. The highest rate of total candidiasis was seen in male 12 (52.2%) than female 11 (47.8%). The highest prevalence of <em>Candida albicans</em> was in the age group 41-60 years which was 13 (56.52%) while the lowest was in children 2(8.96%). The overall sensitivity of<em> C. albicans</em> to Fluconazole and Clove oil was 100% and 99% respectively, and no effect of coriander oil was found. The study revealed that the oral candidiasis was prevalent in patients who use chronic antibiotics, chewing qat, and tobacco smoking.</p> Ebtesam Hassan Lutf Alhamzi Maher Ali Al.Maqtari ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-18 2018-09-18 3 3 82 92 Influence of plant oils and metals on exopolysaccharide production by Fomitopsis feei <p style="text-align: justify;">Effect of ten types of plant oils and 11 types of minerals in the form of chlorides were tested on the production of exopolysaccharides from <em>Fomitopsis feei</em> in common production broth medium. Groundnut oil among the plant oils and sodium chloride among the minerals showed a positive effect on the production of exopolysaccharides from <em>Fomitopsis feei</em>. Thus, it creates a scientific basis to explore the exopolysaccharide effectively from <em>F. feei, </em>hence this medicinal mushroom will be effectively exploited in the future.</p> S.V.S.S.S.L.N. Hima Bindu M. A. Singara Charya ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-18 2018-09-18 3 3 93 97 Evaluating the Synergistic Efficacy of Homemade Penta-Herbal Hand Sanitizer against Bioburden <p style="text-align: justify;">Increased resistance against antimicrobial products threatens our lives and demands the use of natural compounds for assessing good hand hygiene. Herbs can be considered as the best choice for hand disinfection. In herbal sciences, synergy is a new approach concerning the phytomedicinal research. The current study was carried out to evaluate the potential of synergistic herbs against the pathogenic organisms. For this purpose, the sanitizer was prepared by using the combination of Penta-herbs along with apple cider vinegar and essential oils. Antimicrobial activity was determined by agar disk diffusion method and agar well diffusion method; good sensitivity was observed against tested microbes owing to sanitize action. Afterwards, sampling was done following hand disinfection according to the European Standard (EN 1500) and the impression of 62 personals were taken on nutrient agar before and after the application of sanitizer. The results demonstrated that after the application of homemade herbal sanitizer, the bacterial load on hands gets reduced by 37% to 83%. Synergistic use of herbs might be considered as a preferable choice as organisms are adapting more and more resistivity against alcohol-based rubs.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Aiman Pirzada Zukhraf Marium S. Ghufrana Nadeem ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-18 2018-09-18 3 3 98 104 Editorial: Change Publication Frequency in 2019 <h3><strong>Editorial:</strong></h3> <p>We are pleased to announce that starting in January 2019; PSM Microbiology will publish four quarterly online issues (January–March, April–June, July–September, and October–December). This change will facilitate expanded discoverability of the contents via a quarterly table of contents, indexing, and other archival services in a timely manner. The journal works on open access policy and provides immediate open access to all content in order to make research freely available to the public, and ensure a global exchange of knowledge. Articles are published online immediately after acceptance in the upcoming issues of the journal.</p> <p>PSM Microbiology is committed to publishing selective and high quality content that is accessible to researchers from a broad spectrum of disciplines. Topics include all aspects of life sciences, medical microbiology, immunology, virology, bacteriology, applied microbiology, mycology, pathogenic biology, microbial ecology, microbial evolution, physiology, genetics, molecular biology, cell biology, genomics, proteomics, environmental and soil sciences, plant pathology, plant microbe interactions, bioinformatics, biomedical sciences, food science, zoology, and more.</p> <p>Over the last three years, the valued contributions from the authors and the volunteer participation of the many dedicated colleagues in the peer-review process have been vital to the beginning, continuing strength and success of PSM Microbiology. We sincerely appreciate all your contributions and look forward to your continued enthusiasm and support in the coming years.</p> <h4><strong>Citation:</strong></h4> <p>Iqbal, M.N, Ashraf, A., 2018. Editorial: Change Publication Frequency in 2019. PSM Microbiol., 3(3): 111-112.</p> Muhammad Naeem Iqbal Asfa Ashraf ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-27 2018-11-27 3 3 111 112 Microorganisms in the Rhizosphere and their Utilization in Agriculture: A Mini-Review <p style="text-align: justify;">The soil microbial communities possess a complex and diverse structure. From an ecological point of view, the soil-inhabiting microbes owe a very important position because they are the leading drivers in regulating the composition of soil and distribution of other organisms. The microbes are pathogenic as well as non-pathogenic. The latter category, are generally known for their beneficial roles they offer to plants and other organisms. The beneficial flora of the microorganism comprises various fungi (arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi–AMF) and bacteria, generally referred to as plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB). Both AMF and PGPB are regarded as the wealth of soil because they have potential abilities to improve the soil health and plant growth. These microbes provide nutrients and organic substances to plants, remove soil pollutants, and eliminate the pathogenic organisms found in soil. On the basis of plant growth improvement abilities, AMF and PGPB can be used in agriculture as biofertilizers. This review is an attempt to explore the beneficial attributes of soil microorganisms.</p> Saif ul Islam ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-15 2018-10-15 3 3 105 110